Vou. LX XVI.—No. 1962 Copyright, 1893. by ARKELL WEEKLY Co All Rights Reserved.

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Ir is with great pleasure that I comply with the request of the editor of Frank Lesiir’s WEEKLY to outline, for the information of its wide circle of readers, the policy which will animate me in my labor as chief executive of Chicago. The fact that the request was made by the editor of a paper not published in Chicago shows that the government of this city is properly regarded as a matter of national —even of international—concern this summer. From ali parts of the world people will flock to Chicago. The impressions which they may carry away with them will be of serious importance to the good name of American municipalities, for Chicago

will properly be regarded by them as a typical city of the United States, of the first class. In entering upon the task of so governing the city that these departing guests may testify to its healthfulness, cleanliness, and good order, 1 do not in the least underestimate the magnitude of the task nor the extent of the responsibility I have assumed. At the outset, however, I am cheered by the reflection that the election returns show a great- majority of the people of the city heartily in accord with my princi- ples. To these friends within the city, and to the hosts of friends without, who have sent me their words of God-speed, I extend my hearty thanks for


their assistance in the past and their assurances of support in the work to come.

I shall enter upon my duties as mayor with thor. ough confidence in the strength of my resolution to administer the affairs of the city on true business principles. I regard Chicago as a mighty business corporation, not a political one. For the purpose, however, of having unity of action, I honestly believe that political cohesion is necessary in a free govern- ment to the carrying out of business principles in a great municipality. No man can be a statesman who is not also an acute politician. He may be

(Continued on page 246.)



WY 6 We DAs 55 555 Seceeevcvcnscsavnasesds Publisher.

NEW YORK, APRIL 20, 1893.

TERMS TO SUBSCRIBERS. UNITED STATES AND CANADA. IN ADVANCE. One copy, one year, or 52 numbers - - $4.00 -One copy, six months, or 25 numbers - - 2.00

One copy, for 13 weeks = - - o . * 1.00 Cable address; ** Judgeark.”’


THERE was such a demand for the issue of FRANK LESLIE’s WEEKLY which contained the handsome picture of Mrs. Cleveland and Baby Ruth that the edition was exhausted within a few days of the day of publieation. The publishers, in response to requests from all over the country for the picture, have had photographs made from the original sketch by the well-known photographers, Pach Brothers, of New York. These photographs are cabinet size, aud are exceedingly good portraits of little Miss Cleveland and her popular mother. They will be sent, post- paid, on receipt of 25 CENTS EACH.

The money received from the sale of these photographs will be donated by FRANK LesLie’s WEEKLY (0 some children’s charitable institution in New York City, and such donation might most appropriately be con- sidered in the light of a contribution by her many friends in honor of the ‘little mistress of the White House.”

No photographs of this picture not bearing the imprint of Pach Bros., or the words ‘** Copyrighted by Frank LesLiz’s WEEKLY,” are genuine.

Address all orders to the publishers,

ARKELL WEEKLY COMPANY, 110 Fifth Avenue, New York.

WHAT I PURPOSE TO DO AS MAYOR OF ' CHICAGO. (Continued from front page.)

a philosophical statesman, he may be a theoretical states- man, but he cannot be an executive one if he be devoid of those characteristics which go to make a keen politician, There is one respect in which my assertion that a munici- pality is a business corporation must be modified. A city cannot be governed as a wholesale business house is man- aged. The people of the zity are the rulers. The mayor is their servant. In the business house the manager is ruler. His employés must obey or leave his service. A mayor who should attempt to rule a city hall as Marshall Field rules his store would soon find himself in such hot water that he would be powerless to accomplish anything. The man who rules the people of a great city must stoop to conquer. He must yield to many of their whims, must surrender many of his personal ideas, if he hopes to accom- plish great things. It is idle to bicker over non-essentials when a prudent yielding may conciliate forces which will aid in the accomplishment of things of importance. With the power which the charter of Chicago gives to the mayor he can do inuch good. He can lead the people aright so long as he yields to them in little things which they from time to time demand.

It will be my endeavor, as I have already said, to man- age the affairs of the city on business principles. Believ- ing as I doin the rule of the majority, I shall endeavor to gratify the ideas of the majority, while I shall perform my duties in accord with the charter of the city and for the permanent advantage of the people of the city.

A problem of prime importance in Chicago, as in other cities, is the maintenance of cleanliness in streets and A great many people take but a narrow view of They look upon the business district as the

alleys. this problem. whole city, and are more shocked at a few horses and buggies tied to hitching-posts down-town than they are by wagons filling up the streets at night in outlying districts, or at huge boxes of ashes and garbage, polluting the air in hundreds of streets and alleys.

My earnest endeavor will be, first, to so provide for the cleanliness of the whole city as to preserve the health of the people.

Second, to keep presentable those streets and thorough- fares over which the people travel in going from their places of business to their homes.

Third, to save from shock the visual organs of our “apper ten” who visit Paris, London, and Berlin every two or three years, and compare our dirty streets with the cleanliness of those cities,;whose topographies are such that their pavements may be flushed with water nightly and all the accumulated filth of the day swept away into the sewers. It may be remarked, incidentally, that the people who are loudest in comparing Chicago to European towns, to its disparagement, saw only the show places of those cities, and never penetrated their back streets. The people who visit Chicago this summer shall find the corresponding streets swept, garnished, and decked in holiday garb, so far as it is in my power.

During this coming season, when there will be such a multitude of visitors from all parts of the globe, I think it will be the duty of the mayor to manage the city on cos- mopolitan principles, so as not to throw too great restraint upon foreigners, while we, at the same time, shall main- tain order and show to the world the theories and habits indigenous to America and belonging to Americans. In the maintenance of order a well-disciplined and intelligent police force is necessary, and it may be well for me here to note my determination to divorce the police from politics and to make of it an engine of the law alone.

These, in brief, are the ideas which shall guide me in my


coming administration of civic affairs. That I may fall short of complete accomplishment of them is indeed pos- sible. The means at hand are far too limited for the work which is to be done. But I can sincerely assure Chicagoans and the members of that wider community which looks to Chicago-as the Mecca of its summer pilgrimage this year, that nothing within my power shall be left undone for keeping the city orderly, healthful, and clean, not only dur- ing this Columbian year, but throughout my administration.



HEN Roswell P. Flower was

a member of Congress he made a sophomoric speech in which he said that many years ago a saoemaker had given him a copy of the Constitution of the United States. This copy, he said, he had carried in his pocket ever since, and had read it through at least once every day. There was a book written once on wise shoemak- ers. This particular shoemaker is never likely to figure in any similar volume. Had he never given Mr. Flower that copy of the constitution it is possible that the present chief executive officer of the Empire State would never have turned his thoughts toward statesmanship. That this shoemaker should have inclined Mr. Flower toward a public career was not only distinctly unwise, but it was painfully unfortunate.

Now the Constitution of the United States is very well indeed, but from it alone a student cannot obtain a liberal education. Indeed, the study of it by a man of limited education is likely to lead only to misconceptions of its real meaning and purport. Judging by recent offi- cial and unofficial writings of Governor Flower, he has not extended his reading much beyond the document given to him by the unlucky shoemaker. Certainly he must bave read very little history of his own country or of the rest of the civilized world. If he has read history surely he has not learned its lessons.

The Governor is a friend of the good-road movement. He knows that the roads in New York are disgracefully bad, and he is quite sincere in his desire that these roads should be improved. Notwithstanding this the Governor has, through his shocking ignorance, done the road im- provement movement more harm than all of the enemies of progress and ignorant old fogies in the State combined. When Mr. Hill was Governor he recommended that the State should build a road through each county of the State, so that the country people would learn at once how good highways .should be built’ aid what their advantages were. This recommendation was embodied in a bill by Senator Richardson, and this bill was likely to become a law at this session of the Legislature. But Governor Flower, not seeing anything in the Constitution of the United States making such action mandatory on the States, has opposed such legislation, and advocated in its stead a law giving the local authorities permission to improve the Whether such a law be passed or not is of no consequence. Everybody acquainted with the his- tory of civilization knows that good roads have never been made by local effort. In Europe, and in England especially, the betterment of the roads was retarded for a hundred years in the vain effort to get the country people to make the improvements. From the establishment of the United States to this day the common roads in this country have suffered neglect for the same reason. George Washington, Patrick Henry, Alexander Hamilton, and De Witt Clinton, men of whom even Governor Flower has probably heard, were aware of the inability of local authorities to deal with this question, and sought to have the roads administered either by the nation or the States.

But Governor Flower will not occupy the executive chair in Albany for all time. Meanwhile the friends of good roads would do well to keep up the agitation, so that when aman of more knowledge and enlightenment suc- ceeds to the Governorship, something may be done to re- lieve the people of the State of a severe and unnecessary tax on their industries,

country roads.


Mopern invention has been largely directed to the multiplications of engines of war capable of enormous destruction, and there is no doubt that the increase in the number and efficiency of such appliances tends greatly to preserve the peace among belligerent nations. Rulers hesi- tate to go to war when its prosecution, whatever its issue may be, must inevitably involve the most frightful waste of life. But human ingenuity is not entirely employed in devising implements of destruction. It directs its efforts also to the minimizing of the hazards of the soldier by the production of devices for the more effectual resistance of

ject of great interest to his party.

Apri 20, 1893.

the agencies of assault. One such invention is just now reported as having been perfected by a German tailor. This is described as a bullet-proof cloth, weighing about six pounds per suit more than ordinary cloth, and absolutely impenetrable. Experiments made for the benefit of staff officers of the German army showed that the cloth, even at two hundred paces, was not only impervious, but actually shattered the bullet. The value of such an invention, if it shall prove to be all that is claimed for it, will be practi- cally incalculable. A soldier clad in such a suit will be as safe as if armored with heavier steel. It will greatly re- duce the hazards of the fighting at close quarters, and in this sense its general use will tend to restore the old methods of hand-to-hand fighting, which have, to some extent, disappeared from modern warfare. The London Spectator suggests that the invention will revolutionize the method of armoring ships; and if such shall prove to be the case it will certainly rank as the most important and valuable, of its kind, of this remarkably inventive age.


No man in public life to-day occupies a more awkward position than Senator Calvin S. Brice, of Ohio. Some years ago Mr. Brice came to New York to live, keeping up at the same time a legal residence in Ohio. Mr. Brice not only did business actively in New York, but he took an active interest in politics in the city and State of his adoption. He was a man of wealth and influence, and his attitude in both State and national politics was a sub- Mr. Brice, while living in New York, chose to associate with the regular Demo- cratic organization of the State, variously known as the Hill Democracy,” the ‘‘ Machine Democracy,” and the “‘ Anti-Cleveland Democracy.” Doing so, he naturally in- curred the disfavor of Mr. Cleveland.

When Mr. Brice was elected to the United States Senate from Ohio an effort was made to discredit him and to have him unseated, by proving that he was a resident. of New York at the time of his election. Mr. Brice proved that technically he was a resident of Ohio, and so retained his seat. Having done so, he became the only represent- ative of the Democracy of Ohio in the upper branch of the National Legislature. It has been an unwritten law in the distribution of Federal offices in the past that the Senators should be consulted about all State appointments, if they were in political sympathy with the President. Their advice has not always been taken, but it has always been asked. As the only Democratic Senator from Ohio, Mr. Brice could naturally expect to be consulted in the mat- ter of appointments. But Mr. Cleveland in this, as in many other things, has departed from rule and custom. He regaras Mr. Brice not as the representative of Ohio in the Senate, but as asort of third Senator from New York. The first appointments from Ohio showed the influence of ex-Governor James Campbell and of Allen W. Thurman, who is a possible candidate for the Demo- cratic nomination for Governor of the Buckeye State next fall. Mr. Brice was not allowed to name the first bene- ficiaries of the new administration in Ohio, and he was not even taken into consultation about them. He cannot expect that he will be consulted about the appointments in New York, for Mr. Cleveland is hardly*likely to take into conference the Senators elected from that State, with whom Mr. Brice has been industriously training for so long a time. So, in the matter of appointments, at least, Mr. Brice finds himself in almost the unhappy po- sition of the man without a country. He is the Senator from Nowhere—an elective office-holder without a con- stituency.


T is no doubt within the recol- lection of our readers that the appointment of the Hon. Howell E. Jackson as an associate justice of the Supreme Court of the United States by President Har- rison was vindictively assailed by Mr. Clarkson and afew other Republican malcontents, as a be- trayal of the Republican party and its principles. Judge Jack-

son, it was said, was not only a Democrat, but a partisan Southern Democrat with distinctively Southern ideas as to the authority of the nation, and as such could not be relied upon in any supreme crisis to maintain the ideas which were vindicated by the Civil War. His appointment, these critics exclaimed, was a positive menace to the national stability.

Of course all these violent criticisms had no other in- spiration than petty personal hostility to the President, They were entirely without justification in the facts of the case, The appointment was not only warranted by the high equipment, both in point of ability and character, of the appointee, but it was in harmony with sound public policy. Judicial appointments should never be determined by considerations of partisanship. A judiciary constituted on a mere political basis, without primary reference to per-| sonal capacity and integrity, can never command popular




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Aprit 20, 1893.

confidence. It must always be an instrument of oppression and injustice. It was one of President Harrison’s highest claims to distinction that all his appointments to the Bench were dictated by a distinct perception of this important truth.

That the selection of Justice Jackson did not embody the serious danger to American institutions which Mr. Clarkson’s keen vision discerned in it, is very conclusively demonstrated by his first decision from the Bench, in which he asserts in the most positive terms the absolute fallacy of the State-sovereignty theory which his assailants expected him to maintain. The question before him was whether a fugitive from justice, surrendered under extradition pro- ceedings by one State to another, may be constitutionally tried in the latter State upon an indictment charging another offense than the one set forth in the warrant of extradition. This precise point had never been presented to the Supreme Court. The appellant claimed that he could be tried only for the crime charged in the warrant of extradition, precisely as if he were a fugitive from justice extradited from a foreign nation. Judge Jackson denies this assumption as altogether unfounded. We quote:

‘This proposition assumes, as is broadly claimed, that the States of the Union are independent governments, having the full prerogatives and powers of nations, except what have been conferred upon the gen- eral government, and not only have the right to grant, but do, in fact, afford to all persons within their boundaries an asylum as broad and secure as that which independent nations extend over their citizens and inhabitants. The fallacy of the argument lies in the assumption that the States of the Union occupy toward each other, in respect to fugitives from justice, the relation of foreign nations, in the same sense in which the general government stands toward independent sovereignties on that subject. There is nothing in the Constitution or statutes of the United States in reference to interstate rendition of fugitives from justice which can be regarded as establishing any compact between the States of the Union, such asthe Ashburton treaty contains, limiting their operation to particular or designated offenses.

Nothing could be more explicit. than this decision. It is an unequivocal denial of the State-sovereignty doctrine. And it will carry all the greater weight just because it is the deliverance of a Democratic judge. Coming from a Republican it would have been regarded in some quarters as inspired and colored by partisan prejudice, and its edu- cational influence would have been measurably impaired. We suspect that under the circumstances even the critics who so vehemently denounced Judge Jackson’s selection will feel compelled to recognize the force and timeliness of his opinion. It may be doubted, however, whether they will find any satisfaction in the fact which it establishes, that the national judiciary, in whole and in part, is gov- erned in the discharge of its high duties by other consider- ations than those rancorous partisan prejudices and ani- mosities which a few men, assuming leadership in our politics, do not seem yet to have entirely outgrown.


THE new Commissioner of Pensions is going to have as hard a task as any one con- with the Cleveland administration. Of

nected course the regulation of pension payments lies primarily with Congress; but the adminis- which

tration of the laws

Congress passes 1S in the

hands of the Pension Com- While there is a loud outery among the Democrats about the pension appro- priations, it is not likely that there will be a prevailing senti- ment in this Congress in favor of changing the pension laws If there is to be any reform in the pension system, therefore, it will have to come through the Pension Commissioner. It will lie with him to investigate the charges that men are carried on the pension-roll in large numbers illegally ; and pension-list if he finds these charges to be true. The gentle- man whom the President has chosen for this work is Judge William Lochren, a native of Vermont, but for thirty-four years a resident of Minnesota, to which State he removed when twenty-one years of age. He served with distinction in the Civil War, and was the senior officer of the forty men who survived the charge of the three hundred who checked Pickett’s onslanght at Gettysburg. After the war Mr, Lochren resumed the practice of the law. In 1882 he Was appointed circuit judge by a Republican Governor, and was twice re-elected to that position. He has been twice the Democratic nominee for Senator, and he was unani- mously indorsed for the pension commissionership by the Republican Legislature of Minnesota.



so as to reduce the amount of pensions.

to revise the


Tue New York Times raises the question whether, in view of the election of Mr. Carter Harrison as Mayor of Chicago by a majority of nearly twenty thousand, there is a “better element” in that city. Mr. Harrison was de- nounced all through the canvass as representing every- thing that was vicious and low in the life of the commu- nity. It was vehemently insisted that he would admin- ister his office in the interest of the law-breaking classes, and that he would bring disgrace upon the city at a time when the eyes of the whole world would be focused upon


it, by giving full swing to vice and immorality of every sort. In spite of all these earnest appeals to “the better element”? Mr. Harrison was elected. Are we to conclude, therefore, that Chicago is without civic pride; that a ma- jority of its people are in sympathy with a ‘“ wide-open policy as to every form of evil? Or, is it possible that Mr. Harrison’s opponents are themselves in a measure re- sponsible for his election? At this distance it looks very Mr. Har- rison’s opponent, while apparently a cleanly and reputable business man, was not widely known, was not distin- guished for intelligence, and did not appeal, on the score of any notable public service, to the patriotism of the com- munity.


much as if the latter conclusion is the just one.

Besides, the canvass against Mr. Harrison was

He may not be the ideal citizen, but it must be remembered that his former administration possessed some positively good points, and the effort to make him out a monster of iniquity was very naturally regarded in some quarters as outraging justice and fair play. that these considerations had a good deal of influence in determining the result. Chicago undoubtedly has its “better element,” but, like the eminently respectable cle- ment in other great communities, it can only be brought

We suspect

to assert itself in the presence of the very gravest crises, and in behalf of distinctively representative champions.




HE coming trial of the

New York bids

fair to be one of the


cruiser most brillant perform- credit of any vessel in the world, merchantman or

ances to the


The indications are that she will make 20.75 knots, and will win for her builders, the Messrs, Cramp, a premium of at least one hundred and fifty thousand dollars for excess of speed over the re- quired twenty knots. some of

There are naval experts—indeed to be attached to the vessel in the service—who are confident that she will make twenty- one knots, a speed surpassed only on one or two of her spurts by the City of Paris, and not equaled by any one of the New York's class of naval vessels, unless it be the

them are

English cruiser Blenheim, which is about one thousand tons larger than the New York. Some of the most en- thusiastic of the naval experts predict twenty-one and a half knots for the New York, but this is scarcely to be expected. With deep water, a superb atmosphere, and smooth sea, this figure may be approached, but it is not probable that unusually favorable conditions will prevail in every respect.

It is not likely that the New York will equal the speed of the Blenheim under natural draught—20.4 knots—but under forced draught the American vessel will probably surpass her English rival. The boilers of the Blenheim showed themselves leaky after three-quarters of an hour of forced draught, and it was deemed advisable to forego the test. In this trial she was credited with a speed of a little more than twenty-one and a half knots, but if her forced-draught system is unsatisfactory, certainly the Blen- heim should not be credited with greater speed than that of 20.4 knots. In an actual contest between the two boats, whether in speed or in fighting, the odds would be much in favor of the New York.

Success, then, to this splendid product of American en- terprise, American ingenuity, and American achievement ! And as she plows her way on her official test through old Ocean, may the swelling waves sway gently, the winds blow softly, the sun shine brightly, and the American flag that snaps over the taffrail fray itself into bits as this su- perb craft makes a world-beating record!

TOPICS OF THE WEEK. A test of the co-operative principle is being made in the New This industry, it will be re- membered, was greatly demoralized last summer by strikes which entailed serious loss to both employers and em- ployed. The latter finally conceived the idea of going into business on their own account, and, comparatively lit- tle capital being required, they established co-operative quarries, which, as one of their officials expresses it, soon ended the troubles.” At

with encouraging success by the workmen England granite industry.

this time there are thirteen of these quarries which compete successfully. with the manu- This method of settling labor disputes is certainly better than engaging in strikes,

facturers in supplying granite.

and while it is not, for obvious reasons, practicable in all cases, it might be edopted much more frequently than it is with advantage to all the interests concerned,


Tuess are lively days in the Post-oftice Department at Washington. The headsman of the concern keeps his axe busily at work, and it is reported that as many as one hundred and thirty four heads of unfortunate office-holders have recently rolled into the basket in a single day. These unfortunates are fourth-class postmasters, who have


charge of the three- and four-hundred-dollar rural offices, In order that the feelings of sensitive persons might not be shocked by the spectacle of wholesale slaughter, orders were issued that no information shouid be given to the public as to the number of the decapitated, or the cir- cumstances of their taking off. This order, however, was subsequently reconsidered, and now the axe swings once more in the full light of day, and everybody is at liberty to admire the dexterity with which it is used. *

Tv the Editor of Leslie’s Weekly:—I was for many years a reader of Harper's Weekly, but abandoned it when it went over to the Demo- cratic party. Since then I have taken FRANK LESLIE’s WEEKLY, which has been a strong Republican paper. But recently I notice that it leans toward the other side, from its illustration «ef Democratic appointments and its publication « f articles like thatof Clark Howell, a strong Demo- crat, etc. Will you be so good as to inform me whether the paper is to be Democratic ? If so. myself and many of my friends will stop it.

Yours respectfully, THomas S. CLARKSON.

Our only reply to the above is that any American citizen who is so far gone in partisan prejudice that he cannot look with complacency upon the published portraits of political opponents, or appreciate the courtesy which opens the columns of a newspaper to the presentation of views antagonizing its own, hardly deserves to enjoy the benefit of the free institutions whose spirit he so egre- giously misconceives. He should migrate to some less civil-


‘ized country, England, for instance, where men associate

only with persons of their own political faith and hold all others to be outcasts and aliens. *

Ir Messrs. Fassett and Clarkson are at all alive to their duty they will at once initiate measures for disciplining the West Side Republican Club of this city. Ata recent banquet of members of this club the name of General Robert E. Lee, the leader of the Confederate armies, was actually cheered! In the course of a brief speech Colonel John S. Wise, himself a former Confederate, made a state- ment to the effect that General Lee accepted the result of the Civil War as final, and held it to be the duty of every citizen to render absolute allegiance to the national flag. Thereupon, we are told, those misguided Republicans “broke out into wild cheering.”” We can well imagine how such an exhibition of obliviousness must pain the sensitive soul of Mr. J. Sloat Fassett and those who agree with him. Was not General Lee a red-handed traitor? Did he not resist the national authority until resistance was no longer possible? Why should submission to the inevitable be considered an act worthy of Republican ap- plause ? to book.

These West Side Republicans must be brought


For the benefit of those unfamiliar with these competitions, we re- peat to some extent the wording of our first announcement. These word competitions have been the rage in England, and have in some instances been participated in by over 200,000 persons, each person contributing a shilling entrance-fee, and the total amount of the entrance-fees of the 200,000 or more participants being divided equally among those who supplied the missing word. In such cases some one hundred or more successful ** word suppliers received nearly $500 each.

Here are the terms of the present contest : Each person who wishes to try to supply the missing word in the paragraph that will presently follow must cut out the ‘** Missing-Word Coupon” on this page of FRANK LESLIE’s ILLUSTRATED WFEKLY, and with name and address and the missing word plainly written in the proper blank spaces, send the same to this office, together with twenty-five cents in postage stamps or currency. The total of the entrance-fees will be divided equally among those who correctly supply the missing word. This coupon will be printed in the paper each week until the close of the contest. The contest closes at noon May Ist, and no coupons can be received after that date and hour.

This is the paragraph, which is a quotation from a well-known American author, whose works are to be found in every public, and almost every private, library :

** He has

——— the beard of the King of Spain.”

Competitors may make as many attempts as they choose, but each attempt must be made on a coupon taken from this paper and accom- panied by the entrance-fee of twenty-five cents. But one correct an- swer can be credited to the same name.

In addition to their pro-rata shares of the total amount of money received, the LEsLI£ will give the three persons first sending in the cor- rect word $25, $15, and $10 respectively—the first receiving $25, the second $15, and the third $10 ‘o each of the first one hundred per- sons sending in coupons (whether successful or not), it will give the LESLIE photograph of ** Mrs. Cleveland and Baby Ruth.”’


Entrance-fee to the contest, twenty-five cents in currency or stamps. Cut this coupon out, fill up the blanks, and with the entrance-fee post it to the Arkell Weekly Comnany, 110 Fifth Avenue, New York City.


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April 20th, 1893.

In order that there may be no doubt as to the legality of these con- tests we append the following official letter, received by the pub- lishers of the LESLIE :

WasHINGTON, D. C., December 22d, 1892.

‘*DearR Srr:—Gereral Tyner is absent in New York; hence, I acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 2ist instant.

“The modified advertisement of your ** Missing- word Contest ”’ seems to comply in every particular with the suggestions made by the assistant attorney-general in his letter of the 20th instant. The scheme as it now stands does not in any wise conflict with the provisions of the lottery law, Very respectfully, R. W. Haynes,

* Acting Assistant Attorney-General,”’

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RaitroaD history is about repeating itself by the running, from New York to Chicago, of an antediluvian train of two cars, drawn by the famous and venerable John Bull” engine. This wraith of former travel was once regarded with awe and wonder by the masses, and by the advanced few who looked for some- thing better than Conestoga travel it was heralded as the civil- izer of this country. And all this was only a few years ago- Its resurrection now illustrates the originality of the Peunsyl- vania Railroad Company, among whose exhibits at the World’s Fair the * John Bull” promises to be an attractive feature.

It is designed to run this train over the now famous limit- ed” route, and stop it at important points for review. All the Western run of 912 miles will be made in daylight. The John Bull” puffs and rumbles at about a rate of thirty miles an hour, a speed which puts to shame the snail pace of many of our so- called modern road engines, particularly as seen in some parts


of the South. The engine will be guided by one of the Penn- sylvania Railroad Company’s most experienced engineers.

The history of this old engine, which has so narrowly and frequently escaped the scrap-pile, is not without interest. In October, 1830, Robert L. Stevens, then president and engineer of the Camden and South Amboy Railroad and Transportation Company, visited England to make arrangements for track material and to examine into the construction of English loco- motives, which were new things abroad. Shortly after his ar- rival the * Planet,” built by Stephenson & Co., was tried in pub- lic, December 4th, 1830.

It showed such eminently satisfactory results that President

‘Stevens ordered one of similar design for the Camden and Am-

boy Road. This engine, afterward called the John Bull” and ‘No. 1,’ was completed in May and shipped by sailing vessel from Neweastle-on-Tyne in June, 1831, arriving in Philadelphia about Uie middle of August of that year. It was then taken thence to Bordentown, New Jersey, and turned over to the


master mechanic of the road, Isaac Dripps, who is still alive. The boiler and cylinders were in place, but the loose parts—rods, pistons, and valvyes—were packed in boxes. No drawings or directions for putting the engine together accompanied it, and the responsibility fell upon